IT Asset Management (ITAM):

What is IT Asset Management?

IT asset management is the process of efficiently managing IT equipment throughout its lifecycle or period of ownership to maximize its value to the business.

Also known as “IT asset lifecycle management,” or just “asset lifecycle management,” ITAM is a framework for proactively and strategically managing the acquisition, usage, maintenance, and retirement of IT assets.

Not to be confused with IT operations management, which is concerned with delivering IT services and optimizing system performance, ITAM focuses on implementing and automating processes for managing complex asset inventories from purchase through disposition.

  • What are the types of IT asset management?
  • What are the stages of IT asset management?
  • How does an IT asset management process work?
  • What are the benefits of IT asset management?
  • The challenges of IT asset management
  • ITAM best practices
  • ITAM, HPE, and sustainability
What are the types of IT asset management?

What are the types of IT asset management?

IT asset management (ITAM) has several variants, each concentrating on different areas of IT asset management:

  • Hardware Asset Management (HAM): HAM manages computers, servers, networking equipment, peripherals, and mobile devices. It involves inventory tracking, maintenance scheduling, and hardware lifecycle management.
  • Software Asset Management (SAM): SAM manages software assets acquisition, deployment, usage monitoring, licensing compliance, and optimization. It aids legal compliance, software cost reduction, and software optimization.
  • License Management: A subset of SAM that focuses on tracking and managing software licenses. It entails accurate software license records, monitoring license usage, assuring licensing agreement compliance, and optimizing license utilization to save costs.
  • IT Financial Management (ITFM): ITFM includes budgeting, cost allocation, chargeback, and financial reporting. It helps companies analyze IT asset and service costs and optimize IT spending.
  • Digital Asset Management (DAM): DAM manages multimedia, document, design, and other digital assets. It comprises asset categorization, information management, version control, access control, and DRM.
  • Cloud Asset Management: Cloud asset management is critical for managing IT assets in cloud settings as cloud services grow more popular. It entails managing cloud resources, optimizing expenses, monitoring consumption, and complying with cloud provider agreements.
  • Mobile Asset Management: Organizations manage cellphones, tablets, and computers. This comprises device provisioning, security management, app deployment, and mobile expenditure management.
  • IT Service Management (ITSM): ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) includes IT asset management practices in service delivery and support. ITSM includes incident, issue, change, and asset management to offer IT services effectively.
What are the stages of IT asset management?

What are the stages of IT asset management?

While many think that ITAM starts when an asset hits inventory, it actually begins from the moment the need for a new IT asset arises. Here are the five phases of ITAM and the requirements for each:

  • Requisition: The requisition process begins when someone within a business submits a request to acquire new IT equipment. ITAM best practices include having a standardized, automated way for requests to be submitted and a pre-defined set of criteria against which requests will be evaluated and approved or rejected.
  • Procurement: This phase is where the acquisition of IT assets takes place. Vendor selection, contract negotiation, financing procedures, and successfully bringing purchased assets into inventory are key aspects of IT asset management that come into play during this phase.
  • Deployment: At this stage, IT equipment makes its way into use, whether that be in a data center, on a factory floor, or at an individual’s workstation. ITAM best practices involve using inventory management tools, equipment assignments, and specific “owners” and locations.
  • Maintenance: Asset maintenance encompasses routine physical upkeep, software updates, and any needed repairs. Automated processes, supported by management tools, are the hallmarks of mature IT asset management systems for maintenance.
  • Retirement: All IT assets eventually reach the end of their life and need to be taken out of use. Occasionally, equipment breaks down, but with good IT asset management practices in place, the cost of keeping aging assets is carefully weighed against the performance benefits of replacing them with more current technology.


How does an IT asset management process work?

How does an IT asset management process work?

IT asset management (ITAM) maximizes value and minimizes risk by managing hardware, software, and related assets in an organization. Here's how it works:

  • Inventory: The procedure starts with an inventory of all company-owned and used IT assets, including computers, servers, networking equipment, peripherals, software licenses, subscriptions, and digital assets.
  • Asset Classification: Type, usage, ownership, and operational criticality determine asset classification. This helps manage and allocate resources by categorizing and prioritizing assets.
  • Documentation: Asset purchase dates, warranties, configurations, licensing agreements, and use histories are recorded. This documentation shows the company's IT infrastructure and aids decision-making.
  • Asset lifecycle management: From acquisition to disposal. ITAM requires successful procurement, deployment, maintenance, updates, and retirement. This optimizes asset use throughout their lives and reduces costs and hazards.
  • Compliance: Following regulations, industry standards, and license agreements reduces legal and financial risks. In the ITAM process, policies are monitored and enforced, software licenses are utilized according to the terms and conditions, and compliance is audited periodically.
  • Optimization: ITAM maximizes IT asset value and minimizes waste. It requires identifying unused or outmoded assets, reallocating resources, and taking cost-saving initiatives, such as licensing consolidation and vendor agreements.
  • Security: IT asset management includes protecting them from threats and weaknesses. Security methods including encryption, access restrictions, patch management, and antivirus software safeguard assets against unauthorised access, data breaches, and cyber assaults.
  • Reporting and Analysis: IT asset data reporting reveals consumption, performance, and costs. It helps spot trends, make educated decisions, and optimize IT investments to meet company objectives and priorities.

A good IT asset management procedure ensures the efficient and secure functioning of an organization's IT infrastructure and maximizes technological investments.

What are the benefits of IT asset management?

What are the benefits of IT asset management?

IT asset management brings several benefits:

  • It helps organizations optimize resource allocation and make better technology investments, ensuring budget efficiency and avoiding unnecessary expenses.
  • Secure and responsible decommissioning of IT assets ensures compliance with data and environmental regulations, protecting the organization's reputation and financial well-being.
  • Effective management enables organizations to maximize infrastructure potential, leading to better performance and cost-effectiveness.
  • Through proactive planning, IT asset management streamlines workflows enhances productivity, and minimizes downtime, improving overall efficiency.
The challenges of IT asset management

The challenges of IT asset management

Managing IT assets comes with its challenges:

  • Bridging multi-gen infrastructures: As companies embrace new technologies like HPE GreenLake, blending different generations of infrastructure becomes tricky. Coordinating and optimizing these assets while ensuring they work seamlessly together is essential.
  • Extending technology's lifespan: Technology evolves rapidly, making it tough to keep assets running for long. To make the most of IT investments, proactive maintenance, upgrades, and intelligent planning are necessary to avoid unnecessary costs.
  • Responsible and sustainable disposal: Disposing of old assets responsibly is vital for the environment and compliance. Safely erasing sensitive data and adhering to regulations while recycling or disposing of assets poses challenges.
ITAM best practices

ITAM best practices

IT asset management (ITAM) best practices can maximize IT expenditures, minimize costs, limit risks, and maintain regulatory compliance. Here are important ITAM best practices:

  • Executive Sponsorship: To show the value of ITAM activities and guarantee alignment with company aims and goals, get executive sponsorship and support.
  • Policies and Procedures: Create comprehensive ITAM policies and procedures that specify roles, responsibilities, processes, and standards for lifecycle IT asset management.
  • Make an Asset Inventory: Keep track of all IT assets, including hardware, software, licenses, and digital assets. Capture and manage asset data efficiently using automation.
  • Asset Classification and Categorization: To efficiently allocate resources and prioritize management efforts, classify and categorize assets according to factors including kind, ownership, criticality, and usage.
  • Documentation: Record the purchase date, warranty, configuration, licensing agreements, and usage history of the asset. Store asset data in central repositories for quick access.
  • Lifecycle Management: Systematically manage assets from purchase to disposal. According to documented processes, this covers acquisition, deployment, maintenance, updates, and retirement.
  • Compliance Management: Monitor and enforce ITAM regulations and conduct frequent audits and reviews to ensure regulatory, industry, and licensing compliance.
  • Optimization and Cost Control: Maximize IT asset value and reduce costs. Optimize IT expenditure by eliminating unused or duplicate equipment, consolidating licenses, negotiating advantageous vendor contracts, and cutting costs.
  • Security and Risk Management: Protect IT assets from illegal access, data breaches, and cyberattacks. Implement access restrictions, encryption, patch management, and security monitoring.
  • Training and Awareness: Enable employees with ITAM rules, processes, and best practices. Ensure stakeholders understand their IT asset management duties.
  • Continuous Improvement: Monitor and analyze ITAM procedures and practices to find and fix problems. Develop a culture of continuous improvement to adapt to technological and organizational changes.
  • Integration with ITSM and Other IT Processes: To guarantee coordination and alignment across IT activities, integrate ITAM with other IT processes like IT service management (ITSM), change management, and configuration management.

These best practices can assist organizations in creating solid ITAM systems that manage IT assets, optimize investments, and meet business goals.

ITAM, HPE, and sustainability

ITAM, HPE, and sustainability

ITAM (IT Asset Management) and HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) are closely related to sustainability through various services aimed at responsible IT asset management:

  • HPE Asset Upcycling Services: Focuses on the sustainable disposal of retired IT assets. HPE helps organizations maximize the value of their assets by refurbishing, reselling, or recycling them, thus reducing e-waste and promoting the circular economy.
  • HPE Accelerated Migration Services: Supports organizations transitioning to more efficient and sustainable IT infrastructures by aiming to optimize resource utilization and reduce environmental impact.
  • HPE Pre-owned Technology Services: HPE offers pre-owned technology services, which allow organizations to acquire quality IT equipment at a lower cost. By promoting the use of refurbished equipment, HPE contributes to reducing electronic waste and promoting sustainability.
  • HPE Circular Economy Report: HPE publishes a circular economy report that outlines its commitment to sustainability by highlighting its efforts in responsible IT asset management, recycling, and reducing environmental impact.

Financing and asset management services

HPE Financial Services combines technology insights, financial expertise, and a deep-rooted focus on sustainability to create smarter IT lifecycles for customers and partners of all sizes.

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