Cloud native

What is cloud native?

Cloud native is a software approach to application development and deployment that leverages cloud computing principles and technologies. It involves designing, building, and operating applications for cloud computing environments. Cloud Native is a way to design and execute cloud-driven apps. It uses containerization and a microservices architecture to ensure consistent environments from development to production. Cloud native approaches include Kubernetes-based dynamic orchestration, devOps-based CI/CD, and resilience and observability. These apps are versatile and scalable, automatically responding to demand to maximize resource consumption.

  • Cloud native architecture components
  • Cloud native vs traditional application development
  • Cloud native development and deployment process
  • What are the benefits of cloud native?
  • Cloud native security
  • Cloud native use cases
  • HPE and Cloud Native
Cloud native architecture components

Explain the key components of cloud native architecture?

Cloud native architecture uses modern cloud computing to make apps that can be scaled up or down and still operate well. Important elements include:

  • Microservices: Break down applications into deployable services for scalability and fault separation.
  • Containers and orchestration: Use Docker and Kubernetes for consistent environments, resource efficiency, and automated management.
  • DevOps and CI/CD: Integrate development and operations with automated CI/CD pipelines for quicker, more reliable deployments.
  • Serverless and cloud native Databases: Enable scaling and efficiency through serverless computing (AWS Lambda) and cloud-native databases (DynamoDB).
Cloud native vs traditional application development

The differences between cloud native and traditional application development

  • In cloud-native development, modular, scalable architectures like microservices divide applications into smaller, independent services. However, traditional development uses monolithic architecture, where applications are tightly connected.
  • Cloud-native deployments employ containers (e.g., docker) and orchestration tools (e.g., kubernetes) for consistent, scalable deployments, unlike virtual machines or physical servers, which are less flexible in traditional approaches.
  • Unlike traditional methods that need manual intervention and are less flexible, cloud-native development automatically scales based on demand.
  • Cloud-native development cycles use DevOps and CI/CD pipelines for frequent upgrades. Traditional development has longer cycles, updates, and more manual operations. In agile development seeks small changes done frequently with feedback loops to catch bugs early.
  • Cloud-native architecture allows for better resilience and DR capabilities through the features available in the orchestrator like Kubernetes, monitoring and logging is still not automatic. It requires careful planning to enable Centralized logging, monitoring and tracing for cloud native workloads.
  • Infrastructure as Code (IaC) automates provisioning and ensures consistency in cloud-native systems. Traditional methods involve manual infrastructure configuration.
  • Cloud-native environments optimize resource utilization through pay-as-you-go models and dynamic scalability, while conventional environments may have greater upfront hardware, licensing, and maintenance costs.
Cloud native development and deployment process

Development and deployment process of cloud native

The development and deployment process in a cloud-native environment follows principles and practices designed to leverage cloud computing advantages fully. Here's a simplified overview:

  • Containerization of components ensures consistency; employ microservices for flexibility and scalability in architecture design.
  • Automate the building, testing, and deployment processes with continuous integration/continuous deployment or CI/CD for frequent releases and quick iterations.
  • Infrastructure can be managed programmatically with Infrastructure as Code (IaC) for repeatable deployments and dynamic scalability.
  • Scaling, deploying, and high availability may be achieved using container orchestration tools like Kubernetes.
  • To guarantee dependability and performance, use tools for measurements, logging, and alerts such as Prometheus.
  • To safeguard against unauthorized access, implement stringent access controls and encryption protocols.
  • Automated testing and feedback mechanisms such as canary deployments can enhance quality assurance and risk management.
  • One way to reduce downtime and user impact is to employ rolling updates and blue-green deployments.
  • Use serverless computing (optional) to scale and save costs using event-driven architectures automatically.
  • Maintaining thorough documentation and encouraging cross-functional team cooperation are two important aspects of documentation.
What are the benefits of cloud native?

What are the benefits of cloud native?

The transformative power of cloud native architecture brings the following benefits to businesses. 

  • Independence: Cloud native enables enterprises to avoid lock-in to a specific vendor by leveraging multiple cloud providers and services. This independence provides flexibility in selecting the most appropriate and cost-effective cloud solution for different components of an application. It also enables enterprises to seamlessly migrate workloads between cloud environments or on-premises infrastructure.
  • Resiliency: Applications are designed to be highly resilient with built-in fault tolerance and disaster recovery mechanisms. Using distributed architectures and auto-scaling, cloud native applications can seamlessly handle outages or spikes in traffic by reallocating resources and maintaining service availability. Resilience is achieved through replication, load balancing, and fault-tolerant design patterns.
  • Standards-based: The cloud native architecture follows industry-standard practices and frameworks to ensure interoperability and compatibility. Enterprises can leverage vendor tools and services by adhering to open standards, such as Kubernetes for container orchestration. This promotes portability and enables seamless integration and collaboration across native cloud environments.
  • Business agility: Cloud native enables rapid application development and deployment, allowing enterprises to respond quickly to changing business needs. Cloud native architectures like microservices offer faster iterations, independent scaling, and easier maintenance. This flexibility enables enterprises to incorporate enhanced features and updates to their applications more frequently, giving them a competitive edge in the marketplace.
  • Automation: The architecture leverages automation for scalability, deployment, monitoring, and management, reducing manual effort.  Infrastructure as a Code (IaC) tools and orchestration platforms such as Kubernetes help to automate tasks such as infrastructure provisioning, container deployment, auto-scaling, and service monitoring. Automation simplifies and accelerates deployment and management processes, ensuring consistency, reducing human error, and freeing up resources for higher-value tasks.
  • No downtime: Cloud native applications can achieve continuous availability with no-downtime deployments and auto-scaling. Organizations can update or change their applications without disrupting end users by leveraging practices such as rolling updates, blue-green deployments, and canary releases. In addition, cloud native platforms can dynamically scale resources as needed, ensuring high availability even during increased traffic or workload periods.
Cloud native security

Explain security in cloud native?

Security in cloud-native systems involves code solutions like Open Policy Agent or Kyverno to safeguard apps, data, and infrastructure:

  • Identity and access management (IAM): IAM systems consolidate user identities, rights, and authentication and limit resource access to approved users and services.
  • Data encryption: Encryption protects data in transit and at rest. Technologies such as SSL/TLS for data in transit and encryption algorithms for data at rest protect sensitive information from interception or theft.
  • Network security: Use firewalls, network segmentation, and VPCs to regulate traffic and prevent unwanted resource access. Network security rules should limit access to essential ports and protocols.
  • Vulnerability management: Automate and manually check apps and infrastructure for vulnerabilities. Patch vulnerabilities immediately to reduce exploitation risk.
  • Container security: Use code quality, image scanning, runtime protection, and least privilege access to secure containerized programs. Container security solutions monitor and mitigate risks in containerized settings. Code quality by leveraging on Static Code Analysis to find potential vulnerabilities on application code that can be exploited to escalate privileges. Image scanning will scan binaries and libraries for vulnerabilities whilst code scanning will highlight vulnerabilities on the application source code.
  • Logging and monitoring: Track user behavior, spot abnormalities, and respond to security events in real-time using strong solutions. Centralized logging platforms, intrusion detection systems, and SIEM solutions provide incident response and security event visibility.
  • Run Time Security: Actively analyzes the application's behavior and data flow to identify and mitigate security threats in real time.

Addressing security issues can help companies develop and maintain safe cloud-native environments that defend against emerging threats and vulnerabilities. Integrating security practices into development and deployment requires collaboration between development, operations, and security teams.

Cloud native use cases

What are the cloud native use cases?

Cloud-native technology supports many sectors and scenarios. Some cloud-native application use cases:

  • Web and mobile apps: Cloud-native architecture is ideal for creating and delivering them. Developers can use microservices to design modular, scalable components for different workloads and users. Containerization and orchestration simplify deployment and administration, while DevOps rapidly deploys new features.
  • E-commerce platforms: E-commerce platforms benefit from cloud-native design since they require scalability, robustness, and rapid deployment cycles. Microservices allow modular product catalogs, shopping carts, and payment processing. High availability and auto-scaling are provided by Kubernetes, while CI/CD pipelines enable ongoing improvement.
  • IoT applications: Connected devices create vast amounts of data, making cloud-native architecture vital for scalability and processing. Microservices can provide data input, processing, and analytics in IoT systems. Containerized deployments help optimize resources, while serverless computing handles event-driven workloads.
  • Big data and analytics: Cloud-native solutions are ideal for processing enormous datasets and conducting sophisticated computations. Containerized data processing frameworks like Apache Spark and Hadoop can be scaled and optimized using Kubernetes. Ad-hoc data processing and analytics can be done using serverless computing.
  • Banking and fintech: Cloud-native architecture helps banks and fintech businesses build safe, scalable, and compliant apps. Account, payment, and loan processing can be modularized using microservices. Encryption and IAM secure financial data, while Kubernetes guarantees high availability and disaster recovery.
  • Health and telemedicine: EHR, telemedicine, and medical imaging systems increasingly employ cloud-native apps. Flexible healthcare systems can scale to handle patient data and transactions using microservices. Containerization protects data privacy, while Kubernetes delivers essential healthcare system failure tolerance.
  • Gaming and entertainment: Cloud-native architecture powers online gaming platforms, streaming services, and CDNs. Microservices provide scalable gaming servers, authentication, and content recommendation algorithms. Serverless computing handles peak workloads, while Kubernetes delivers high-performance content and low-latency games.

These are some ways cloud-native technology is building scalable, robust, and inventive applications across sectors. As the use of cloud-native architecture grows, more inventive and diversified use cases will emerge.

HPE and Cloud Native

HPE and Cloud Native

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) has been actively embracing cloud-native technologies to meet the evolving needs of its customers. Here's an expansion on how HPE GreenLake, HPE Ezmeral, and Aruba Networking are contributing to the cloud-native landscape:

  • HPE GreenLake: HPE GreenLake is a consumption-based IT platform that provides cloud-like agility and flexibility under on-premises governance. Businesses can pay for what they utilize of infrastructure, platforms, and software services. HPE GreenLake lets organizations design, deploy, and manage cloud-native applications on their premises using containers and Kubernetes. This cloud-based solution addresses data sovereignty, compliance, and security while scaling and adapting.
  • HPE Ezmeral: This software solution accelerates digital transformation by enabling enterprises to create, deploy, and manage cloud-native apps and data-intensive workloads in hybrid cloud settings. It includes container orchestration, data analytics, and AI/ML activities. HPE Ezmeral updates apps, optimizes infrastructure, and provides cloud-native data insights.
  • Aruba Networking: Aruba, an HPE subsidiary, provides cloud-native networking solutions. Its networking technologies and services offer cloud-native application connection, security, and administration in distributed settings. Using Aruba Central, organizations can centrally manage their network infrastructure, protect cloud services, and optimize application performance. In today's fast-changing digital world, Aruba's cloud-native networking solutions help companies embrace digital transformation, enable remote workforces, and provide improved user experiences.
  • HPE Cloud Native Computing Services enables development methodology to scale cloud infrastructure with cost efficiency using container-based architectures. Cloud native services leverage containers, DevOps practices, microservices, and Kubernetes to enable deployment, security, and efficient resource utilization from edge to cloud.  HPE offers a range of services, including Cloud Native Engineering Service, DevOps Roadmap Service, and Container Adoption Service, to help organizations transition to cloud native environments, improve software development and delivery processes, and run scalable and reliable container platforms both on-premises, multi-cloud and hybrid cloud.

Related topics

Cloud computing

Cloud services

Hybrid cloud